1. Get The Proper Tools- You probably want to sit down and relax while watching television, but that's hard to do when you have a clogged kitchen sink. Instead of relaxing, you could find yourself looking at a sink that is filled with dirty water and you are left wondering if you should call a plumber. However, you can take care of this with two inexpensive tools.
The two tools you need is a plunger, as well as a snake. Plungers can be found at virtually any hardware store or home center. The ones with very large rubber bells are ideal because they deliver a lot of thrust, but just about any plunger can work on a kitchen drain. Just make sure the plunger you use has a stout handle.
A snake can be cheap, but the price you will pay for one depends on how big it is, the length and its turning mechanism. A good length for a snake is 20-feet-long and 3/8-inches, but shorter ones should get the job done too. Also, you will want to use a plastic bin or a bucket when you use the snake, and you should have rubber gloves and a good flashlight on hand when you are trying to unclog a kitchen sink.
You can prevent most clogs by not putting your kitchen drain line through abuse, and this includes things such as overloading your disposer with meats, pasta, rice and other types of foods that are high in starch. You should run cold water down the drain and never dump coffee grounds or bacon grease into the drain because they can solidify in the drain if they settle and cool, so never do this. If this does happen, then it may be very difficult to unclog it.
Make sure you call a plumber if the steps in this article don't work. You might not be able to reach the clog or there may be something stuck in your drain pipes. However, a plumber can take care of the issue.
2. Use A Plunger To Clear The Blockage- You should plunge the drain if the disposer doesn't have an issue, but make sure you clamp the drain hose if you have a dishwasher. After you do this, you want to fill the sink up with a little bit of water because this helps the plunger seal drain. Use a basket strainer or a rag to cover the other opening of the drain, if you have a double sink.
After you do the above, you will want to pump away and make sure you pump vigorously. When you are ready to stop plumbing, then pop the plunger off from the drain, and if this doesn't work, then you will want to plunge away for a few more minutes. Plunging can sometimes be very easy and provide you with a quick fix, but it can be very messy, so it's a good idea to keep towels nearby.
3. Clean The P-Trap- When grease or coffee grounds stick, then clogs can occur in the P-trap, and plunging may not fix this issue, and if that's the case, then you will want to clean the P-trap. You want to sponge the water because you want to make sure you reduce the flow under the sink, and make sure you keep a bucket underneath, as dirty water will come out. Many kitchen sinks that are older have metal traps and pipes, and these can be difficult to loosen, so make sure you take your time to loosen them because you don't want to bend the trap assembly.
There's a slip nut that is located between the trap arm and the trap, and you want to unscrew it. Reinstall the trap after you have cleaned it, and then you can test the line. Make sure you don't tightened the slip nuts too much because you don't want to make things harder for yourself.
If the trap isn't clogged, then clean the trap arm, if it needs to be cleaned. Take a screwdriver to the inside of the pipe, and then you should be able to pull out debris that has gotten stuck in the opening. If this doesn't fix the problem, then grab the snake and put it to use, and if that still doesn't work, then you should contact a qualified plumber, as they will be able to get to the bottom of the problem and fix it.